Researching the geological context for your archaeological survey is essential.

The British Geological Survey (BGS) has hundreds of data sets to address the main questions a survey needs to answer;

  1. What processes (glaciation fault lines) led to the landscape you are exploring, how did this influence settlement patterns?
  2. Were mineral deposits (such as coal or iron ore) or quarry stone used in the area/period you are researching?
  3. How did soil formation effect (light soils sandy soils easier to plough )  land use?
  4. How  drainage/hydrology effect farming/fishing and transport routes.
  5. Will the surface geology effect geophysical survey surveys?




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